In this Ultimate Guide To Cyber Security to Stay Protected Online you will get knowledge on the following topics:
- What do you need to know about Cyber security?
- Areas covered under Cyber security
- Consequences of a cyber attack
- Types of cyber attacks
- What Can Cyber security protect?
- How to prevent Cyber attacks?
- 5 ways to prevent cyber attacks
Cyber security (just like any security) is the protection from all the internet-related systems, which includes hardware, software and stored data, from the process used by attackers known as Cyber attack.
What You need to know about Cyber security
Cyber security is the type of security used by the certain agency to protect your internet-based physical data and data which are helpful for the cyber attackers. These cyber attackers are the person who crawls on the internet to steal out things that are useful for them and use illegal ways to breach the system, so as to get most of the benefit from this. Information security, which is designed to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data, is a subset of Cyber security.
It is high time to take our privacy very seriously.
Areas covered under Cyber Security
There are some areas which are covered by Cyber security, those areas are:
- Application Security
- Network Security
- Information Security
- Disaster Recovery
- Operational Security
1. Application Security
Application security as by its name protects the application from attackers that may lead to major threads for application as well as its users. It shields applications from dangers that can come through blemishes in the application outline, advancement, organization, update or support.
Some fundamental systems utilized for application security are
- Input parameter approval
- User/Role Authentication and Authorization
- Session administration, parameter control, and exemption administration
- Auditing and logging.
2. Network Security
Network security is the major cybercrime going on right now. Attackers use certain algorithms to breach your data network and stole confidential details. Network Security protects us from these attacks and protects them from spreading on the network.
Components of internet security are:
- VPN (Virtual Private Networks)
- IPS (Intrusion prevention systems)
- Firewall or Firmware
3. Information Security
Information security is used to secure our personal as well as private information to keep it safe from cyber attackers. By this attackers are unable to get unauthorized access.
Some techniques that are used for information security are:
- Identification, authentication & authorization of the user
4. Disaster Recovery
Disaster recovery is the system used by the Cyber security agency to recover fast from any cyber disaster in a business or organization to recover the actual position of the business.
The process of disaster recovery includes:
- Assessment of performance risk
- Establishing priorities
- Developing recovering strategy
This 3 steps process helps in resuming business as soon as possible. It is also known as business continuity planning.
5. Operational security
Operational security is a risk management process that is used by the enterprises or government organization to secure them from sensitive information falling into the wrong hands.
Steps involved in operational security:
- Identification of sensitive data
- Identification of possible threats
- Analyzing security holes and other vulnerabilities
- Appraising the level of risk associated with each vulnerability
- Get countermeasures in place
Consequences of a Cyber Attack
The cyber breach has various consequences that include:
- Change is financial position
- Damage to reputation/goodwill
- Fines and litigation
According to the UK’s government survey, (Cyber Security Breaches Survey 2017), it is found that average cost to recovered from Cyber security breach for the large-scale organization is £19,600 and for a small to medium size business is £1,570 which is bigger in amount.
As indicated by the 2018 Data Breach Investigation report discharged by Verizon, there were in excess of 53,000 occurrences and 2,300 breaks in 2017, with very nearly 75% of those sustained by pariahs.
Truth be told, all Internet-confronting associations are in danger of assault. What’s more, it is anything but an issue of in the event that you’ll be assaulted, however when you’ll be assaulted. The lion’s share of digital assaults is mechanized and unpredictable, abusing known vulnerabilities instead of focusing on particular associations. Your association could be being ruptured at the present time and you don’t know.
Cyber security isn’t an IT issue – it’s a business basic. Embracing an exhaustive security methodology today can enable you to abstain from shutting up shop if programmers strike.
Hackers use the various set of software and tools to breach the system and get unauthorized access.
Types of Cyber Attacks
There are various types of cyber attacks that keep on updating following trends of theft. The process of keeping cyber attacks free form any disruption is very challenging for enterprises to keep updating. But it is necessary for enterprises to keep updating, to stand in the huge competition of cyber attacks.
- Malware – It is a type of file or programme that is used by the attackers to harm your computer. It is stored on your system through file transfer, mail, internet browsing and many more. Spyware and Trojan horse are examples of Malware.
- Ransomware – It is the type of malware that uses encryption keys to lock system file of your computer and ask for money to decrypt and unlock the system file. The amount is demanded according to the persons and majorly it is high.
- Phishing – It is the fraud or fraudulent activity used by the attackers to get your cards details and access to saved password by sending emails that resemble from reputable sources.
- Social Attacks – In this attackers breach social account to get personal information and the task we do to gain sensitive information.
What Cyber Security can protect
The Cyber security helps in preventing the entire major task that can be done by the cyber attackers. Rather it is data breach or financial theft; the major task can be totally controlled by the Cyber security measures.
If you have a business and have an effective Cyber security plan this will be going to help you in preventing cyber attacks. So, for the business, it is important to have Cyber security backup so as to make your organization work continuously with any pause.
Basically what cyber security does is to safeguard each user against any type of theft, injury to the person or asset and blockage of usage. Having a cyber security is must nowadays. The reason behind this is increasing numbers of cyber attacks.
Truth be told, all Internet-confronting associations are in danger of assault. Also, it is anything but an issue of in the event that you’ll be assaulted, however when you’ll be assaulted. The larger part of digital assaults is robotized and aimless, abusing known vulnerabilities instead of focusing on particular associations. Your association could be being broken right now and you don’t know.
How to Prevent Cyber Attacks
Many bigger cyber security disasters already happened in the past. So it is better to move freely without any worry. We just need to follow some measures on how to prevent cyber attacks.
5 ways to prevent cyber attacks
Here are the 5 ways which are proven and preventive for any organization or individuals. Check it now.
#1 Limit 3rd party access
The most and top priority must be limiting the access to the third party i.e. 3rd party access. Why we put this measure at top of the list because commonly most of the information in the organization is accessed by many of the employees or the persons who are associated with the organization. Also, most of the cyber breach that is happened in the past is due to the information leakage to the 3rd party, the reason is the loopholes in the organization and accesses to the 3rd party all the necessary details.
Follow these ways to limit 3rd party access:
- Limit the documents that 3rd person can watch
- Proper and protective control over the network
- The background check of all 3rd party person
- Use cloud storage
- Limit the access to the system
#2 Update software that you use regularly
The 2nd way to prevent cyber attacks is by updating software on the regular basis. What is an update? Or to get access to the latest feature? Or removing bug? It is right till some point but when it comes to cyber security it means updating to the latest cyber security measures that keep on updating by the security agency and enterprises.
The update includes updating software and operating system both. Introduce patches at whatever point accessible. Your system is helpless when programs aren’t fixed and refreshed routinely. Microsoft currently has an item called Baseline Security Analyzer that can frequently check to guarantee all projects are fixed and a la mode. This is a genuinely simple and financially savvy approach to reinforce your system and stop assaults before they happen.
#3 Employee training program
Employee training on cyber security is the must. Employees often use to open emails that are spam or suspicious in nature that leads to downloading the virus. It is concluded from a survey that employees are weakest when it comes to cyber security.
To control this regular training program must be continuously conducted once a month or once in a quarter. One time training is not enough to do so because people have a mind/ remembering power very less which cannot be developed from one session. So it is required to train employee timely.
Training must be practical, relevant and should be done by a cyber security professional so as to get most out of the employee.
#4 Hire a security expert
Outstanding amongst other courses for you to find if there are any gaps or security dangers introduce in your foundation is to employ a security advisor. While this may seem like a noteworthy cost, it is really a precious administration that may assist you with saving a lot of cash and disappointment not far off. There is a justifiable reason that expansive organizations, for example, Facebook, have made projects that reward the individuals who explore the security of a site. These are affectionately alluded to as “moral programmers” and can enable you to see where any security dangers may hide in your organization.
#5 Developing a cyber breach plan
Developing a cyber breach plan means having a plan, on what to do, at the time of any sudden breach that may lead to a pause in work.
What will happen when you went to work and found that the system is hacked or it is not able to work due to a cyber attack? For this only solution is pre-planned cyber security plan.
Building up a far-reaching breach readiness design empowers both the representatives and the business to comprehend the potential harms that could happen. A business ought to be exceptionally straightforward concerning the extent of the rupture; workers need to know reality. A decent reaction design can confine lost profitability and avoid negative attention. Representatives feel irate when they discover that the organization they work for had information break a half year prior and enlightened nobody let them know regarding it.
This is all from Cyber Security basic. I assume that this information will be helpful for you. Let us know by commenting below.